The history of Nigeria cannot be completely told without talking about certain historic events that occurred during the colonial era. These moments have in a long way affected and shaped our country. Such incidents have left a lasting mark in the past, present and in the future. Here are the five historic events in order of occurrence;
Creation of the Lagos Colony
In a bid to strengthen the treaty that had been signed by the British army and the then Oba of Lagos (Oba Akitoye), for military protection and ease of trade in 1951, the British colony of Lagos was created on the 6th of August, 1861, coupled with the signing of the Lagos Treaty of Cession by Oba Dosunmu. The British colony of Lagos was the first British colony in Nigeria.
This was the historic meeting that was organized among top colonial European powers, an event that recognized Britain’s sovereignty over Nigeria. The meeting which was held at Berlin in 1985, separated the Anglophone (English speaking), Francophone (French speaking), lusophone (Portuguese speaking), and hispanophone (Spanish speaking) countries that we have today.
Suggestion of the name “Nigeria”
This suggestion came from a British journalist known as Flora Shaw, who later became Frederick Lugard’s wife. It was made in 1890. Nigeria means Niger area, an area around River Niger.
Amalgamation of the Southern and Northern Protectorate
Nigerian unity is only a British intention for the country.
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
This happened in 1914 under the leadership of Governor Frederick Lugard. It will interest you to know that this amalgamation was done solely for economic reasons as the Northern protectorate struggled with a budget deficit while the Southern protectorate had a budget surplus, hence the need for the amalgamation.
Aba Women’s Riot
There’s no way you’ll talk about the colonial era without mentioning the Aba Women’s Riot. In response to the increase in taxes in October, 1929, there was a historic demonstration against high taxes and low export prices. This protest occurred in November, 1929.