A god or a deity is believed to either be a natural or supernatural being, who is thought of as holy, divine, or sacred. The Ibos refer to their supreme deity as “Chukwu”, meaning “great in size”. A god represents a male deity while a female deity is referred to as a goddess. The gods are all referred to as “Alusi” in Igbo language. These gods all have their own unique traits, attributes and functions. The Igbo people believe a lot in deities due to their ancestral beliefs in divine protection, fertility, harvest and victory. Here’s a list of some of the gods that Igbo people attach great importance to;
Amadioha in the Igbo folklore is referred to as the deity of justice, thunder, lightning and the sky. His governing planetary body is the Sun. His color is red and his symbol is a white ram. Amadioha also represents the collective will of the people. In some places, he’s referred to as “Kamalu”.
Ala is the feminine earth spirit who is responsible for morality, fertility and the dead ancestors who are stored in the underworld in her womb. She’s in charge of conserving what has been created. Ala is also the “womb” that holds, nurtures and renews when necessary. She’s also regarded as the mother of all crops.
Regarded as a cult figure of the right hand and success found among the Igbo people, Ikenga is a revered deity. He’s the icon of meditation exclusive to men. Ikenga is also a source of knowledge resolved through psychological principles.
Ekwensu is the deity of war among the Ibos. Often times, he is invoked during periods of conflict and banished during times of peace to avoid his damning influences. Among the christian Ibos, he is referred to as Satan.
This is the goddess in charge of agriculture, specifically staple crops like yam and cassava.